USS Constitution drawing


This drawing of the USS Constitution is now on display at the National Archives building Rotunda Gallery. Having it on view all of August is fitting at this time of sunny days at the shore. This 1817 sail drawing by Charles Ware shows the elaborate sails needed to power the ship. The drawing is from Record Group 19-4-43.

The Social Security Act


On August 14, 1935, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the Social Security Act.
Later that day, the Washington Post proclaimed that the Social Security Act was the “New Deal’s Most Important Act…Its importance cannot be exaggerated …because this legislation eventually will affect the lives of every man, woman, and child in the country.” This poster was distributed from November 1936- July 1937 during the initial issuance of Social Security numbers through U.S. post offices and with the help of labor unions.

Meriwether Lewis, Virginian



On August 8 1774, explorer Meriwether Lewis was born in the Colony of Virginia. Lewis was best known for his role as co-leader of the Lewis and Clark Expedition (a.k.a. the Corps of Discovery).The Lewis and Clark Expedition contributed to the expansion of the United States and the understanding of indigenous nations and terrain of the far west.

Meriwether Lewis was born in Albemarle County, Virginia, in the present-day community of Ivy. He was the son of Lt. William Lewis of Locust Hill (1733 – November 17, 1779), who was of Welsh ancestry, and Lucy Meriwether (February 4, 1752 – September 8, 1837), daughter of Thomas Meriwether and Elizabeth Thornton who were both of English ancestry. (Thornton was the daughter of Francis Thornton and Mary Taliaferro).

After his father died of pneumonia, he moved with his mother and stepfather Captain John Marks to Georgia in May 1780.They settled along the Broad River in the Goosepond Community within the Broad River Valley in Wilkes County (now Oglethorpe County).

During his time in Georgia, Lewis enhanced his skills as a hunter and outdoorsman. He would often venture out in the middle of the night in the dead of winter with only his dog, Seaman, to go hunting. Even at an early age, he was interested in natural history, which would develop into a lifelong passion. His mother taught him how to gather wild herbs for medicinal purposes.

In the Broad River Valley, Lewis first dealt with American Indians. This was the traditional territory of the Cherokee, who resented encroachment by the colonists. Lewis seems to have been a champion for them among his own people. While in Georgia, he met Eric Parker, who encouraged him to travel.

At thirteen, Lewis was sent back to Virginia for education by private tutors. His father's older brother Nicholas Lewis became his guardian. One of his tutors was Parson Matthew Maury, an uncle of Matthew Fontaine Maury. In 1793, Lewis graduated from Liberty Hall (now Washington and Lee University).

That year he joined the Virginia militia, and in 1794 he was sent as part of a detachment involved in putting down the Whiskey Rebellion. In 1795 Lewis joined the U.S. Army, commissioned as a Lieutenant, where he served until 1801. Among his commanding officers was William Clark, who would later become his companion in the Corps of Discovery.

On April 1, 1801, Lewis was appointed as an aide by President Thomas Jefferson, whom he knew through Virginia society in Albemarle County. Lewis resided in the presidential mansion, and frequently conversed with various prominent figures in politics, the arts and other circles.

 Originally, he was to provide information on the politics of the United States Army, which had seen an influx of Federalist officers as a result of John Adams's "midnight appointments". When Jefferson began to plan for an expedition across the continent, he chose Lewis to lead the expedition

Seth Kinman



Seth Kinman sitting in a grizzly bear chair he presented to U.S. President Andrew Johnson, 1865

Seth Kinman was an early settler of Humboldt County, California, a hunter based in Fort Humboldt, a famous chair maker, and a nationally recognized entertainer. He stood over 6 ft (1.83 m) tall and was known for his hunting prowess and his brutality toward bears and Indians. Kinman claimed to have shot a total of over 800 grizzly bears, and, in a single month, over 50 elk. He was also a hotel keeper, barkeeper, and a musician who performed for President Lincoln on a fiddle made from the skull of a mule.
Known for his publicity seeking, Kinman appeared as a stereotypical mountain man dressed in buckskins on the U.S. east coast and selling cartes de visites of himself and his famous chairs. The chairs were made from elkhorns and grizzly bear skins and given to U.S. Presidents. Presidents so honored include James Buchanan, Abraham Lincoln, Andrew Johnson, and Rutherford Hayes. He may have had a special relationship with President Lincoln, appearing in at least two of Lincoln’s funeral corteges, and claiming to have witnessed Lincoln’s assassination.

WASHINGTON D.C.’S SITE OF ASSASSINATION OF PRESIDENT GARFIELD




Prior to the erection of the National Gallery’s West Building in 1941, this locale was the former site of the Sixth Street rail station (razed in 1904) that was a part of the Baltimore & Potomac (B&P) Railroad. At 9:30 a.m. on July 2, 1881, the twentieth President of the United States, James Garfield, was about to embark on a leave for his summer vacation when he was approached by Charles Guiteau and shot in the back from point-blank range.



The tale of Mr. Guiteau is a bizarre and yet intriguing one that is chalk full of ironies and jaw-dropping moments. Guiteau was a former lawyer who attempted to crack into politics and also campaigned for Garfield during his first Presidential election campaign in 1880. During Garfield’s campaign, Guiteau even drafted a speech on behalf of the future president. Although the speech was never publicly declared, Guiteau printed up copies of it and handed them out. Believing this to be a decisive element in Garfield’s victory, Guiteau paid the President an in-person visit at the White House to accept his perceived due reward. Guiteau did not waste any time for his visit and arrived the day after Garfield’s inauguration in March of 1881. On this occasion, Guiteau was surprisingly enough granted a meeting with the President; however, he failed in his ultimate objective to receive a job offer. Disgruntled, Guiteau continued to make further attempts to meet with and convince Garfield of his worth. He was finally banned from the White House in May 1881, although he continued to chase other members of Garfield’s cabinet in the ensuing months. Guiteau also began to stalk Garfield at other locales including Lafayette Square Park and Garfield’s church.
Eventually frustration kicked in and Guiteau decided to take matters into his own hands. He purchased an ivory-handled .44 Webley British Bulldog revolver for $15 and planned to assassinate the President. The particular make/model of gun he purchased was primarily driven by (according to Guiteau) that weapon which he perceived would look best in a museum after he murdered the President. In making preparations for his plot he even decided to visit his potential future home when he inquired of one of the local jails for a tour. Even here, however, he was turned away.
On the day in question, Guiteau arrived in advance of the President at the Sixth Street rail station. When the President walked into the station (sans security guards), Guiteau simply walked up to him and shot him once in the back and one in the shoulder. Shocked observers then watched as Guiteau began to casually stroll out of the station before being apprehended at the last minute by a local policeman named Patrick Kearney. Kearney, in all of the excitement, realized later that he had failed to disarm Guiteau who maintained the revolver during his entire journey to the police station. This famous revolver would be displayed within one of the Smithsonian museums until the early twentieth century until it was reportedly discovered as missing (possibly via a theft).


While Guiteau was being processed on charges for attempted murder, Garfield was taken back to the hospital where doctors haphazardly began to try and save the President’s life. The first doctor’s attempt to ease Garfield’s pain via brandy was promptly thrown up. Subsequent doctors (of which there were sixteen in total) took turns probing the back wound with unsterilized tools searching for the bullet which they felt needed to be removed. Unknown to the doctors, the bullet was lodged within the President’s back muscles and harmless to any vital organs. Instead, the multiple efforts of probing not only led to development of a serious infection, but also led to the President receiving a cracked rib and a punctured liver as well.
Baffled doctors, distraught over their inability to find the missing bullet, engaged the services of famed inventor Alexander Graham Bell to employ a metal-detecting device on the President. The device, which consisted of two coiled wires attached to a battery and a telephone, emitted a humming noise when it was near metal. When approached on using the device on the President, Bell decided to test the machine first on some veterans at the nearby Old Soldiers Home in Washington D.C. where the tests proved successful. Bell subsequently attempted to use the invention on the President; however, the device emitted a continuous hum which proved unhelpful in the bullet search. Later, Bell would discover that the President had in fact been laid upon a coil spring bed (a rarity in those days) which in essence rendered the device worthless.
Unable to stave off infections as a result of his medical attention, President Garfield would pass away on September 19, 1881. In his final days the President had been transported to the Jersey Shore in hopes that a cooler climate would assist his growing fever. Unfortunately the transport did not have the desired effect and Garfield passed away exactly two months before his fiftieth birthday.
As for Guiteau, he would stand trial in November of that year for charges of murdering the President. Guiteau vehemently fought the charges proclaiming that it was not his bullet that killed the President but the ineptitude of the doctors servicing him. He proclaimed at his trial, “I deny the killing, your honor please. We admit the shooting.” Guiteau commenced with further antics throughout his trial including singing a song of “John Brown’s Body.” He was eventually found guilty on January 25, 1882 and sentenced to be hung. Just prior to be hanged, when asked if he had any last requests, Guiteau asked for an orchestra to accompany the reading of a poem he wrote. Although denied the orchestra, Guiteau was allowed to recite his poem which he titled, “I am Going to the Lordy.”

The Congressman who got away with murder



With wealth, power, and political connections, Daniel Edgar Sickles knew how to get what he wanted. When the popular, albeit emotional and volatile, Congressman from New York learned that the District Attorney of Washington, D.C. was having an affair with his wife, he took matters into his own hands.

Born on October 20, 1819 in New York City, Sickles married Teresa Bagioli, half his age and in her mid-teens, in 1852. He was elected to Congress four years later. They had a daughter, Laura, and were popular hosts to the Washington elite and insiders. It was at one of these soirees that Teresa, youthful and charming with a lovely round face, met the handsome and connected Philip Barton Key, the local District Attorney. A widower, Key beckoned from a famous family. His father, Francis Scott Key, wrote the "The Star-Spangled Banner" while his uncle, Roger Taney, served as Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court. Key and Teresa soon started an illicit romance, with Key going so far as renting a home to unsuccessfully shield their trysts from an all-knowing public.

Sickles soon learned of the affair upon receiving an anonymous letter. Like lightning striking a mighty oak, Sickles, despite his past affairs, was jolted by the news. He wept and groaned and confronted his young wife, who he forced to write a confession. In it, she admitted, in part, that she “did what is usual for a wicked woman to do.”

The next day, February 27, 1859, the lovesick Key wandered near the Sickles home with the hope of seeing his lover. Sickles spotted Key, who at forty was slightly older than Sickles, and became enraged. In short order, he followed and confronted his wife's lover, winding up in front of the White House. “Key, you scoundrel, you have dishonored my house. You must die!”

Sickles drew a pistol and fired. A near miss inflicting only a minor injury to Key’s hand. A scuffle. Sickles pulled back and drew another gun. “Don’t murder me!” Key cried. From a few feet away, Sickles shot Key in the upper leg. Key collapsed to the ground, screaming for mercy.

Sickles again pulled the trigger. Click. A misfire. He pulled it yet again. This time a bullet went surging into Key’s body just below his heart. Sickles stepped even closer. Click. Another misfire. A bystander jumped in. Too late.


Like the speed of the bullets leaving his gun, the news of the shooting shot throughout the nation, monopolizing the headlines. Sickles confessed to the killing and sat in jail where countless friends and politicians came to visit. He bemoaned the state of his marriage even though his own adultery was well known.

***

His murder trial began April 4, 1859. Sickles' legal team was impressive, with future Secretary of State Edwin Stanton and James Topham Brady, an insanity expert, representing him. That temporary insanity had not been used before was no impediment to it being used now.

Robert Ould inherited the job as District Attorney. The trial at City Hall was crowded, the weather hot and muggy. The prosecutor depicted Sickles as a walking arsenal, intent on murder. Brady countered that Sickles was a hero doing away with Key, a sexual predator. He also portrayed his client as being driven to temporary insanity, pushed over the edge by an unfaithful wife. Sickles cried as the witnesses testified.

After a nearly month long trial, the jurors set off to decide Sickles’ fate. They didn't need much time. After 70 minutes, they came back. Not guilty.

Sickles' popularity, political connections and crafty lawyers all combined to save him. He became the first defendant in America to successfully use the defense of temporary insanity. His supporters rejoiced. Sickles soon recounted the details of the shooting and casually admitted that he had every intention of killing Key.

Epilogue

Despite his marital woes, it was not adultery that ended his marriage but death. Teresa died in 1867 from tuberculosis. Sickles became a Union general during the Civil War and lost a leg in defense of his nation. Despite his questionable decisions at Gettysburg, he was awarded the Medal of Honor, although it took some 34 years of probable campaigning to receive it. He remarried in 1871 and had two more children, before parting ways due to his womanizing. At 93, he was accused of embezzling $27,000 from the New York State Monuments Commission, which he chaired. A year later, in 1914, he suffered a cerebral hemorrhage in New York, died and was buried in Arlington National Cemetery.


Bizarre Facts about U.S. Presidents



 Obama Descended from First Documented Slave
Barack Obama, the United States' first African-American president, is likely a descendent of the first documented enslaved African in colonial America.
According to a two-year Ancestry.com study of thousands of records from colonial Virginia, the president is the 11th great-grandson of John Punch, a black man who came to America in the 1600s as an indentured servant and was enslaved for life in 1640 after trying to escape his servitude.
It is believed that although Obama's father was a black, Kenyan native, his ties to slavery stem instead from his white mother, Stanley Ann Dunham. The enslaved Punch had mixed-race children with a free white woman who were born free because of their mother's freedom. They later went on to become "prominent" land owners in Virginia.

George Washington Grew Cannabis
George Washington grew hemp at his home, large quantities of it and he was not the only former president to do so. Thomas Jefferson and James Madison cultivated hemp as did most other 1700's farmers.
It's believed that some of them smoked its leafy counterpart, marijuana, as well.
According to the Huffington Post, on Aug. 7, 1765, Washington noted in his farm journal that he "began to separate the male from the female hemp... rather too late." In the 1790s, the crop was grown mainly for its industrial value as hemp. It was not until many years later that the recreational use of the herb became trendy. However, founders who smoked tobacco and consumed their own brewed beer probably did not underestimate the recreational properties of the crop.

Bush, Kerry, and Hefner All Distant Cousins
Extremely coincidentally, President George W. Bush and Sen. John Kerry are very distantly related. They are ninth cousins, twice removed. The two politically astute and well educated men may have different political ideologies, but their love for their country and politics sheds light on a cousinly bond.
But they have another mutually distant cousin who doesn't quite fit that mould.
Playboy founder Hugh Hefner is the ninth cousin of both men. Hef is twice removed from George W., and Hefner is a slightly closer relation to Kerry, being only once removed.
When asked about his relation to the two politicians, wild child Heffner said, "Well I feel closer to Senator Kerry."
"You know I'm an 11th generation direct descendent of William Bradford, who came over on the Mayflower, a direct descendent of a Puritan," Hefner continued proudly, finding no irony in the fact. "I suppose that it is not a big surprise, but it is certainly unique to be a relation to both candidates."
"I would be delighted to invite both President Bush and Senator Kerry for a family reunion," the playboy added facetiously, laughing to himself.

Abraham Lincoln Was a Bar Owner
Abraham Lincoln, best known as the Great Emancipator, was less known for owning a bar. He co-owned the pub with a man named William Berry. The duo appropriately named their saloon 'Berry and Lincoln' which was located in Springfield, Ill.
Berry, Lincoln's partner, was a heavy drinker as opposed to the future president who once said that liquor makes him "flabby and undone." Because of these fundamental differences, the co-owners had difficulty running their business. The unlikely partnership of Berry and Lincoln did nothing but get "deeper and deeper in debt," according to Lincoln.
Lincoln's career as a bartender was fairly short-lived. In 1834, he ran for state legislator and won forcing him to give up the bartending business and in 1840 the entire enterprise was abandoned five years after the death of his partner.


Harry Truman Doesn't Have a Middle Name Despite the 'S'
The mysteriously floating S in Harry S Truman's name is not to be anchored down by a period. The former president explained that the "S" did not stand for any name but was a compromise between the names of his grandfathers, Anderson Shipp Truman and Solomon Young. In 1962, Truman initiated the "period" controversy when he demanded that newspapermen should omit the period after the S as it does not actually stand for anything.
Though Truman has tried to rectify the period that shows up in publications, TrumanLibrary.org explains that "Most published works using the name Harry S. Truman employ the period. Authors choosing to omit the period in their texts must still use it when citing the names of organizations that employ the period in their legal titles (e.g. Harry S. Truman Library) thus seeming to contradict themselves."

Gerald Ford Modeled During College
President Gerald Ford was a male model for John Robert Powers' agency. Though his modeling career was brief and only a part time gig during college, Ford booked a few good modeling jobs during his short lived career. He appeared in a 21-picture Stowe, Vt., ski resort feature in Look Magazine in 1940. And two years later posed in his Naval uniform on the cover of Cosmopolitan. Both times he posed with famed model and former fling Phyllis Brown.

Coolidge Liked Having Petroleum Jelly Rubbed on His Head
According to Stebben and Morris, co-authors of the book White House: Confidential, President Calvin Coolidge enjoyed having petroleum jelly slathered on his head while he ate breakfast in bed. Coolidge practiced this bizarre behavior believing that it was good for his health.

LBJ Had A Whole Family of LBJ's
The nickname LBJ isn't one that only applies for the former president. Lyndon Baines Johnson insisted on having every member of his immediate family share his same initials. LBJ's wife's name was Claudia Alta Taylor whose nickname before marrying Johnson was "Lady Bird."
LBJ and Lady Bird went on to have two daughters with the LBJ stamp, Lynda Bird and Luci Baines. Even the Johnson's dog shared the initials being called Little Beagle Johnson. According to the co-authors of White House Confidential, LBJ said, when it came to monogramming, the whole family having the same initials made it a whole lot cheaper.

Jimmy Carter the UFO President
President Jimmy Carter, known by some as the "UFO President," got his nickname by publicly claiming that he had a UFO sighting prior to becoming president. On at least one occasion while campaigning for president, Carter declared that, if elected he would "make every piece of information this country has about UFO sightings available to the public and scientists.
Jimmy Carter spotted the foreign object in the sky in 1969. "It was the darndest thing I've ever seen. It was big, it was very bright, it changed colors and it was about the size of the moon." Carter continued, "We watched it for 10 minutes, but none of us could figure out what it was. One thing's for sure, I'll never make fun of people who say they've seen unidentified objects in the sky."

Washington’s historic cemeteries: Where the nation’s past lives

For a bustling, thriving capital of a world-class superpower, Washington, D.C. offers a surprisingly lively scene for the nonliving as well.
In addition to the Capitol, the White House and the Mall, history-minded visitors to the city can track the nation’s political, military and cultural course through the quiet final resting grounds of the famous and near-famous who lived and died here, from former presidents and generals to authors, Indian chiefs and famous lawmen.
Five historic cemeteries offer visitors a brief escape from the present and a chance to pay homage to remarkable figures from the country’s past, often far from the tourist hordes.
Washington National Cathedral
Perhaps the most prominent of the locations is Washington National Cathedral, the Episcopal cathedral that is the sixth-largest in the world, occupying a site at the highest point in the city, atop Mount St. Alban in Northwest Washington.
The tomb for the only U.S. president interred within the city’s borders can be found inside the cathedral doors: Woodrow Wilson, whose two terms were highlighted by World War I and the unsuccessful fight to have the U.S. join the League of Nations, was buried here following his death in 1924. The grave of his wife, Edith, who died much later in 1961, is next to his.
Though the cathedral is not officially a cemetery, several other notable persons are interred here as well. Deaf-mute author and advocate Helen Keller and her longtime tutor and friend, Anne Sullivan, were placed here in 1968 and 1936, respectively. Famous Spanish-American War hero Adm. George Dewey was interred here in 1917.
Historic Congressional Cemetery
Across town and along the shores of the Anacostia River lies Historic Congressional Cemetery, the oldest national cemetery, with origins dating back to 1807.
More than 55,000 persons are buried in the cemetery grounds, many of whom helped in solidifying Washington as the capital city in the early 1800s. The cemetery also contains several lawmakers who died while Congress was in session. The grave of Elbridge Gerry, vice president under James Madison who unwillingly gave his name for the dubious practice of gerrymandering, can be found here.
One of the biggest attractions is the monument to founding father George Clinton, the vice president for both Thomas Jefferson and James Madison, who died while in office in 1812. The grave of J. Edgar Hoover, who grew up nearby and was the first director of the FBI, is another point of interest.
One of the cemetery’s more arresting attractions, though, is the grave of a respected American Indian chief: Pushmataha, a Choctaw leader at the time of the War of 1812 who fought alongside the U.S. and was buried with full military honors.
Mount Olivet Cemetery
Two people convicted of conspiracy in the assassination of Abraham Lincoln are buried in Northeast Washington's Mount Olivet Cemetery, which has gained notoriety for some of the controversial figures laid to rest there.
John Lloyd and Mary Surratt, who became the first woman executed by the U.S. government, were convicted of aiding in Lincoln’s murder by concealing in a local tavern carbine rifles, ammunition and rope intended for use in the plot hatched by John Wilkes Booth.
Also buried in Mount Olivet is Henry Wirz, the Confederate officer in charge of the brutal Andersonville prisoner-of-war camp during the Civil War. The camp at one point held as many as 32,000 Union soldiers, and as many as 13,000 died there during the war. Wirz ultimately was captured and executed by Union soldiers under charges of conspiracy and murder.
Despite some of the disreputable persons buried there, the roughly 85-acre cemetery is home to the graves of more than 100,000 others and is the largest Catholic cemetery in the area. The original architect of the White House, James Hoban, is also buried in Mount Olivet.
Arlington National Cemetery
No tour of Washington’s cemeteries would be complete without a trip through Arlington National Cemetery, perhaps the country’s best-known burial ground.
More than 400,000 graves of military veterans stretch across 624 acres of beautiful landscape along the Virginia bank of the Potomac River, directly across from the Lincoln Memorial. The cemetery dates back to the outbreak of the Civil War, when the Union Army took possession of property on the estate belonging to Confederate General Robert E. Lee and used a portion of it to bury its dead.
Today, the cemetery remains an active burial ground for approximately 7,000 veterans and notable U.S. leaders each year. The cemetery is second in size only to the Calverton National Cemetery in New York.
Arlington National Cemetery draws visitors year-round and is home to the John F. Kennedy Eternal Flame, the memorial at the slain president’s grave site, where he lies alongside his wife, Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis. Another U.S. president, William Howard Taft, also is buried at Arlington.
The Tomb of the Unknowns commemorates all U.S. soldiers who died in conflicts without their remains being identified. The tomb sits atop a hill that overlooks Washington and has been guarded perpetually by service members since 1937.
Oak Hill Cemetery
Far less well-known but worth a visit is Oak Hill Cemetery, which sits on 22 acres in Georgetown and also features a large botanical garden. The cemetery is centered around a Gothic-style chapel built in 1850.
Despite the cemetery’s relatively small size, the graves of dozens of former lawmakers and leaders can be found within its grounds.
Among the most notable is that of Dean Acheson, master diplomat and secretary of state under President Truman who redefined foreign policy during the Cold War, helped author the Marshall Plan after World War II and played a key role in the creation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
Oak Hill’s historic chapel was designed by architect James Renwick, whose other works include St. Patrick’s Cathedral in New York and the Mall’s Smithsonian Castle. Former Washington Post publisher Katharine Graham, former ABC newscaster Howard K. Smith and David Levy Yulee, the Florida lawyer believed to have been the first Jewish member of the Senate, are among the other notables buried in the bucolic setting.
Rock Creek Cemetery
A final notable cemetery in the District spans 86 acres just blocks away from onetime Civil War site (and now Metro stop) Fort Totten. Rock Creek Cemetery dates back as early as 1719, when it was established as a churchyard for the Rock Creek Parish, an Episcopal church that still stands and is the oldest religious institution in the D.C. area.
Story Continues →
Inside the cemetery grounds is the grave of Patricia Roberts Harris, a member of President Carter’s Cabinet and the first black woman to serve as an ambassador. Also buried at the site are such figures as muckraking author Upton Sinclair, department-store magnate Julius Garfinckel, Alice Roosevelt Longworth and “Meet the Press” anchor Tim Russert.
Rock Creek Cemetery also contains one of the most famous sculptures in the city, the grieving hooded figure that serves as the grave marker for famed Washington author and historian Henry Adams and his wife, Marian Hooper “Clover” Adams, done by Augustus Saint-Gaudens and Stanford White.
The cemetery is across the street from the U.S. Soldiers’ and Airmen’s Home, a historic site whose ground contain the summer cottage Abraham Lincoln used during the Civil War.

Weird Washington



Both Lincoln and Kennedy were concerned with Civil Rights.
-Lincoln was elected President in 1860. Kennedy was elected in 1960.
-Both Lincoln and Kennedy was assassinated on a Friday.
-Both Lincoln and Kennedy were killed in the presence of their wives.
-Both were shot from behind and both died of head wounds.
-Their successors were both named Johnson and were southern Democrats from the senate.


-Andrew Johnson was born in 1808 and Lyndon Johnson was born in 1908.
-John Wilkes Both was born in 1839 and Lee Harvey Oswald was born in 1939.
-Booth and Oswald were southerners favoring unpopular ideas.
-Both Presidents' wives lost children through death while in the White House.
-Lincoln's secretary's name was Kennedy.
-Kennedy's secretary's name was Lincoln.
-Lincoln's secretary advised him not to go to the theater that night.
-Kennedy's secretary advised him not to go to Dallas.
-John Wilkes Booth shot Lincoln in a theater and was captured in a warehouse.
-Lee Harvey Oswald shot Kennedy from a warehouse and was captured in a theater.
-Lincoln was shot in a Theater owned by a man named "Ford".
-Kennedy was shot in a Lincoln built by a company that was owned by "Ford".
-The names Lincoln and Kennedy each contain seven letters.
-The names Andrew Johnson and Lyndon Johnson each contain 13-letters.
-The names John Wilkes Booth and Lee Harvey Oswald each contain 15-letters.
-Both assassins were killed before being brought to trial.
-Both Johnsons were opposed for re-election by men whose names begin with the letter "G".



-And here's the really weird thing...after Lincoln's assassination, Secretary of War Stanton sent for the New York Chief of Police to help in the search for Booth. The Police Chief's name was...are you ready for this?...John Kennedy! It's true, check it out.
All of the assassins have three names that they are known by:
Assassin of Abraham Lincoln: John Wilkes Booth.
Assassin of John F. Kennedy: Lee Harvey Oswald.
Assassin of Martin Luther King Jr.: James Earl Ray.
Assassin of John Lennon: Mark David Chapman.
The assassin of Robert F. Kennedy in 1968 was Sirhan Sirhan. But, who knows, maybe his name was really, Sirhan Sirhan Sirhan

Lincoln had a dream




Lincoln had a dream on April 14, 1865, the day that he was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth. As he told his Cabinet that day:


 "In the dream, I was awakened by a faint moaning coming from somewhere nearby. I stood, and began hunting the noise, finally finding my way to the east room, where men and women were shrouded in funeral shawls. I saw a coffin on a dais, and soldiers at either end. A captain stood nearby, and I addressed him 'Who is dead in the White House' say I. 'The President,' is his answer, 'he was killed by an assassin.' In the coffin was a corpse in funeral vestments, but the face was obscured."